Archaeological data on building no. 28 on Rotušės (Town Hall) square in Kaunas

Address: Kauno m. sav., Kauno m., Rotušės a. 28

The earliest buildings on the edge of the square were wooden. In the middle of the 16th century a small stone barn with a cellar was constructed at the far end of the land plot. Such buildings were used for goods storage. The construction of these types of buildings spread in the old town in the second half of the 16th century. The early wooden residential building was replaced by a stone building with two wings and cellars. The courtyard contained other buildings: two horse stables, a farmhouse, barn, a brewery with kitchen utensils, a malt kiln, two woodsheds, two latrines and a shed. In the 17th century the square plan barn had a first floor added and was incorporated into the residential house, and the façade facing the square was given a Renaissance outlook. In the 18th century another large reconstruction was carried out. During the restoration of the building in 1984, in the courtyard near the entrance to the cellar, a rectangular 1.8 by 0.6 metre long and 2.6 metre deep stone sewerage reservoir, which was constructed at the same time as the residential building, was discovered. During the archaeological research there were the usual ceramics items found, and even pieces of glass items decorated with colour enamel were discovered.

Mindaugas Bertašius