In the 15th century the cathedral was one of three churches that were constructed in the places most visible from a distance. Together with Vytautas the Great church and St. George church, this building formed a triangle of the most important Kaunas buildings, which further influenced the later development of the town. The church was constructed as a parish church in the beginning of the 15th century. It was mentioned for the first time in written sources in 1413. In analysing the shape of the contemporary church, it is clearly visible that it was constructed over several separate stages of construction. The construction continued in the 15-17th century and the most recent layer of construction is the chapel on the southern side of presbytery, which was constructed in the end of the 19th century.