Archaeological research of Town Hall (Market) Square in Kaunas

Address: Kauno m. sav., Kauno m., Rotušės a.

The archaeological research into the Town Hall square revealed the cultural layer which started to form in the 15th century. The oldest discoveries from the square are 15th century pot shaped heating stove tiles that were popular at that time and fragments of pots. Of the later dated finds, flat polychromic heating stove tiles attributed to the first half of the 16th century are worth mentioning. Among these rather usual finds, a lot of pieces of footwear leather and a wooden water pipe sleeve were discovered. Among the oldest dated discoveries of the square, the remains of eight wax melting kilns in front of the present-day main entrance to the Town Hall should be mentioned. From the end of the 16th century, when the stone buildings with façades facing the square were constructed, the ground surface of the square was looked after, the wooden pavements were mounted and the space around the Town Hall was laid in cobblestones.

Mindaugas Bertašius